第一章 世界铁路发展历程 chapter one history of the world railways
1、the world’s first locomotive railway was invented in 1804 in britain when richard trevithick’s steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the penydarren ironworks.
2、richard trevithick, renowned as the “father of railways”, designed his first locomotive in 1814.
3、between 1881 and 1884, many chinese men came to british columbia to work as laborers on the first transcontinental railroad.
1、german was the first country to begin a railway tunnel project, along the vienna-trieste line.
2、the succession of railway tunneling projects immensely benefited the circulation of technology and commerce in europe.
1、at the turn of the twentieth century roads dominated land transport.
2、railway transportation and quick mobilization, known as backbone of modern war, was absolutely crucial to success of the war.
1、china’s hsr accounts for 1/5 of the world’s total high-speed railway networks.
2、the high-speed eurostar passed through the channel tunnel, connecting the three capital cities of london, paris and brussels.
1、_______ became the man who finally tackled the problem of rails. a、richard trevithick b、george stephenson c、james strowbridge d、abraham lincoln
2、in _____, first belgian railway line, between brussels and mechelen, was taken into service, with first belgian locomotive le belge. a、1833 b、1834 c、1835 d、1836
3、at age 70, ________ turned his attention more closely to railroads, establishing a new conglomerate that revolutionized rail operations by standardizing procedures and timetables, increasing efficiency and decreasing travel and shipment times. a、richard trevithick b、george stephenson c、james strowbridge d、cornelius vanderbilt
4、by 1910, the us topped the world in railway mileage at over _______ miles. a、200,000 b、300,000 c、400,000 d、500,000
5、which one was not included as armored train mission objectives by british troops? a、infantry support b、intercepting enemy troops c、flanking protection d、invasion
6、at the turn of the twentieth century, ________ dominated land transport. a、railways b、aircrafts c、ships d、tanks
7、in japan, the ______ is the first network of high-speed railway lines in the world. a、ice b、tgv c、hsr d、shinkansen
8、china's hsr accounts for ______of the world's total high-speed railway networks. a、1/3 b、2/3 c、3/4 d、3/5
9、exactly at the height of conflict, president ______ issued a remarkable challenge on us railway construction. a、washington b、jefferson c、lincoln d、roosevelt
10、in 1893, the transportation building at the "world's columbian exposition" in ________ featured railroad exhibits and equipment from around the world. a、washington d.c. b、chicago c、newyork d、boston
11、11. which statements of the following are true ones? a、since the spring of 1864, thousands of chinese laborers had been shanghaied to san francisco from china to construct the railway in us. b、chinese laborers in us worked harder and faster and they got more pay. c、chinese laborers were more flexible in adapting to any natural or technical adversities. d、the great contributions of over 14,000 chinese laborers in us have been respected for ages.
12、post-war railway development is characterized with ______. a、comfort b、lower price c、speed d、peace
13、the hsr building boom continues with the hsr network set to reach 38,000 km in 2025.
14、during second world war, the majority of ports and railways in europe and few railways in asia had been destroyed or badly damaged.
15、the european rail network played a crucial role in the implementation of the nazi’s “final solution” of european jews.
16、the world’s railway development and rapid expansion delivered significant economic benefits instead of social benefits.
第二章 中国铁路发展历程 chapter two history of china's railways
1、guangyang railway is the first railroad in china which was designed, built, and financed by the chinese.
2、the qing government decided to construct the tangxu railway to protect from foreign powers.
1、chengyu railway was the first railway built since the founding of new china.
2、the baoji-chengdu railway is the first electrified railway in china.
1、the ministry of railways implemented four rounds and increased average speed of passenger trains in china.
2、railway construction moved ahead very swiftly, on the basis of a mixture of central and local funding from the beginning of the 1990s.
1、on august 1st, 2008, china’s first high speed railway, beijing-tianjin intercity high speed railway was put into use, marking the beginning of the high speed era.
2、as of june 2018, china’s first high speed railway stands at 26,869 km in total length, accounting for about 64% of the world’s high-speed rail tracks in commercial service.
1、in 1881 the qing dynasty constructed ________line which was the first railway built by china independently. a、jing-zhang railway b、chengyu railway. c、wusong railway. d、tangxu railway.
2、unparalleled talents, efforts and attainments of ________ in china’s early railway construction earned him the posthumous title “father of china’s railroad”. a、zhan tianyou b、wang xiong c、zhang yangming d、wang mengyu
3、_________ is a mixed single- and double-track, railroad in china. a、jing-zhang railway b、chengyu railway c、wusong railway d、baocheng railway
4、in______, chengyu railway (chengdu – chonqing) was completed and put into use, and it was the first railway built since the founding of new china. a、june of 1952 b、june of 1953 c、june of 1954 d、june of 1955
5、by 1990, despite the network having increased to______ kilometers. a、38,000 b、48,000 c、58,000 d、68,000
6、by 2005, china's network was the second busiest freight carrier and carried nearly ____ percent of the world’s freight traffic. a、23 b、33 c、43 d、53
7、by 2005, china's network had become the biggest passenger carrier, generating about______ percent of the world’s passenger traffic. a、16 b、26 c、36 d、46
8、on_______, china's first high speed railway, beijing-tianjin intercity high speed railway was put into use, marking the beginning of the high speed era. a、august 1st, 2006 b、august 1st, 2007 c、august 1st, 2008 d、august 1st, 2009
9、a key railway development plan in china was the approval in _______ of a medium- and long-term railway plan (mltrp) covering freight and passenger network development to 2020. a、2004 b、2005 c、2006 d、2007
10、there are mainly ____ north-south and four east-west trunk lines, and some inter-city lines, greatly shortening the travel time within china. a、three b、four c、five d、six
11、among the following statements, which are true ones ? a、after 1949, the railway ministry was founded to take full charge of railway construction and operation across the country. b、in 1949, china started her first five-year development plan, including the enlargement and expansion of the railway network. c、the emphasis of railway network development during first three decades of new china was on constructing new railway lines in the southwest and northwest of china. d、after 1949, the main lines were restored and re-connected and the construction work was done massively.
12、the reason why we choose to travel by china’s high speed trains is _______. a、punctuality b、convenience and comfort c、fast speed and safety d、reasonable price
13、china’s high speed trains can reach a top speed of 350 km/h.
14、since the third plenary session in 1978, the railway electrification process had accelerated slowly.
15、before 1949, there were about 23,500 kilometers railway constructed and were all in service.
16、the whole construction project of chengyu railway was under the extremely difficult condition of lacking mechanical equipments.
1、have you taken china's high-speed trains? what do you think of them? please share with us the most impressive experience when you took china's high-speed trains (150-200 words).
第三章 列车与火车之旅 chapter three trains and railway journeys
1、the first locomotives were diesel powered.
2、electric locomotive is powered by electricity mainly in one of two ways: electric traction motors or through a third rail.
1、the most useful and usual type of trains are steam trains.
2、freight trains are very efficient, with economy of scale and high energy efficiency.
1、the orient express was a long-distance passenger train service created in 1883.
2、the flying scotsman is the world’s most smart steam train.
1、the glacier express is known as the quickest express train in the world.
2、tanggula railway station at 5,068 meters is the world’s highest railway station.
1、________ engineer richard trevithick invented the first steam locomotive. a、swiss b、american c、english d、german
2、_______ holds the world record for the fastest train with wheels with speed 574.8 km/h. a、chinese crh b、german ice 3 c、french tgv d、japanese maglev
3、for shorter distances many cities have networks of _______, also known as suburban trains, serving the city and its suburbs. a、inter-city trains b、high speed trains c、commuter trains d、long-distance trains
4、the vehicles that carry freight are called ______ in the united states or ______ in the united kingdom. a、cars, carriages b、carriages, cars c、wagons, carriages d、cars, wagons
5、the phrase "red carpet treatment" starts with ______. a、orient express b、20th century limited c、pride of africa d、flying scotsman
6、the two city names most prominently associated with the orient express are _____. a、paris and london b、london and istanbul c、london and venice d、paris and istanbul
7、the pride of africa is a luxury train which is run by ______. a、rovos rail b、new york central railroad c、belmond ltd. d、amtrak
8、the steam train, flying scotsman, was named after the renowned passenger train service flying scotsman between ______. a、paris and london b、edinburgh and london c、edinburgh and paris d、london and dover
9、the train to the clouds is a tourist train service in _____. a、salta province b、darwin c、oslo d、zermatt
10、the ghan train derives its name from the early pioneers of _____. a、australia b、afghanistan c、america d、britain
11、compared with steam locomotives, diesel locomotives have the following advantages. a、diesel locomotives have greater performance. b、diesel locomotives have greater flexibility. c、diesel locomotives have substantially lower operating costs. d、diesel locomotives have substantially lower maintenance costs.
12、among the following statements, which are true ones? a、in transit terms, a "car" means a single rail vehicle. b、the word "train" comes from a latin word. c、the word "train" originally means "to connect". d、in transit terms, a train means multiple rail cars connected together.
13、the first known electric locomotive was built in 1837 by chemist robert davidson in england.
14、unlike freight trains, passenger trains must supply head-end power to each coach for lighting and heating, among other purposes.
15、nowadays, the train which most people refer to when they talk about the orient express is the venice simplon-orient-express.
16、the glacier express is a real high-speed train on which passengers could enjoy the stunning scenery of the ocean.
第四章 车站与文化 chapter four railway stations and culture
1、st pancras railway station, officially known as st pancras international since 2007, is often called the “cathedral of the railways”.
2、washington union station is one of american second great union railroad terminals designed by daniel burnham.
1、in terms of platform capacity, the world’s largest station locates in britain.
2、the busiest stations in china include beijing south railway station and shanghai hongqiao railway station.
1、in 1903, japan seized the building and traffic management rights of the yunnan-vietnam railway.
2、upon completion of beijing railway station, it was the largest train station in china at the time.
1、kunming south railway station is the first fully elevated station in china.
2、xi’an north railway station abstractly expresses the charm of the grand roof of tang dynasty palace buildings.
1、in british english, traditional usage favours _______. a、train station b、railway station c、railroad station d、depot
2、st pancras station features one of the world's most influential train sheds, which was the great work of ____. a、william barlow b、sir george gilbert scott c、sir john betjeman d、daniel burnham
3、______ was registered as the world's busiest transport hub with guinness world records in 2007. a、gare du nord b、shinjuku station c、penn station d、beijing south railway station
4、grand central covers 48 acres and houses a staggering ______ platforms, more than any other railway station in the world. a、67 b、48 c、44 d、23
5、______ was the world's first intercity passenger station. a、liverpool road railway station b、broad green railway station c、crown street railway station, d、the mount
6、_____ created a miracle in china's railway construction history for its fast speed and large scale. a、tianjin railway station b、beijing railway station c、qingdao railway station d、lvshun railway station
7、in ______, france seized the building and traffic management rights of the yunnan-vietnam railway. a、1903 b、1909 c、1910 d、1899
8、the earliest railway stations in china with photographs as evidence are jiangwan, wusong and other stations on ______. a、shanghai wusong railway b、jinghan railway c、yunnan-vietnam railway d、songhu railway
9、a unique architecture image of a dancing peacock is created with _____. a、hangzhou east railway station b、kunming south railway station c、zhengzhou east railway station d、xi'an north railway station
10、the architectural design of _____ originates from the depiction of water in an ancient painting. a、tianjin west railway station b、tangshan railway station c、hangzhou east railway station d、dalian north railway station
11、bisezhai station ______. a、was built in 1909 b、appeared in the movie "youth" c、is the first railway station in china to be connected with foreign railways d、was listed as a major historical and cultural site protected at the national level
12、architecture, as “frozen music” and “epic of brick and stone”, always uses elements such as ______ to express specific tastes, artistic conception and wishes. a、shaping b、materials c、colors d、impression
13、wuhan railway station is a masterpiece of innovation both in terms of structural technology and space arrangement and in terms of its design concept and layout planning.
14、since liverpool road ceased operation, the oldest railway station in use is broad green railway station in london.
15、of major termini in paris, several are world famous, including victoria, paddington, and waterloo stations.
16、tanggula railway station is the highest in the world.
1、自适应反馈控制 a、utsc b、multi-agent utcs c、adaptive feedback control d、intelligent traffic signal
4、隧道基础设施 a、locomotive b、tunnel infrastructure c、ventilation system d、cable car
5、架空缆车 a、aerial cableway b、converter c、gondola lift d、control systems
6、放射式道路 a、grade separation b、radial road c、access control d、at grade
7、路测摩阻 a、right of way b、frontage road c、marginal friction d、yield sign
8、跨路钢架 a、bypass highway b、belt highway c、overhead gantry d、route-guidance system
9、交通流量 a、volume of traffic b、speed-limit sign c、approach road d、dedicated motorway lane
10、高架传感器 a、dashboard screen b、road-tolling technology c、in-vehicle navigation system d、overhead sensor
第五章 影视文学作品中的铁路文化（i）chapter five railway culture in the movies and literary works (i)
1、the enoden line the archetype of the train in the movie destiny: kamakura story.
2、with imagination, by train, we could not only travel from the city to the countryside, but also from the real world to the magic world.
1、the birthday of the movie is december 28th, 1895, the day when this movie was put on the screen at the grand café in paris.
2、in the 18th century, a scottish man named bob opened a new chapter of human history, whose steam engine contributed substantially to the industrial revolution.
1、sometimes train has been bestowed with rich feelings and spiritual significance.
2、in the story of ah, xiangxue, time is the connotation of the train.
1、the novelists and playwrights usually seize the attention of the audience by making up some coincidence or accident in their stories.
2、in the micro-movie, high speed love, train is no longer a medium to separate, but the one to connect. lovers can always find an excuse to travel to date.
1、1) what is the key to fiction? a、a) character. b、b) imagination. c、c) writer. d、d) time.
2、2) the japanese movie, destiny: kamakura story, directed by _______. a、a) takashi yamazaki b、b) wang jiawei c、c) makoto shinkai d、d) hayao miyazaki
3、3) when was the first movie leased? a、a) april 19, 1808 b、b) september 27, 1825 c、c) january 1, 1882 d、d) december 28, 1895
4、4) the great train robbery, shot in 1903, is a narrative movie with ____ shot groups. a、a) 16 b、b) 14 c、c) 12 d、d) 10
5、5) ________ once said, “the medium is the message”. a、a) george stephenson b、b) lumière brothers c、c) marshall mcluhan d、d) karl marx
6、6. who is the writer of o, xiangxue? a、a) mao dun b、b) lao she c、c) liang shiqiu d、d) tie ning
7、7) terrace gully is a small ______ in china. a、a) city b、b) town c、c) village d、d) park
8、8) a few of the slow trains are still operating to connect remote areas with nearby towns and cities, which is a part of __________ project. a、a) g20 b、b) belt and road c、c) beautiful china d、d) the poverty-alleviation
9、9) which of the following is not the benefit of the slow green trains in china in the 21st century? a、a) students could spend less money on the way home. b、b) the environment could be protected better. c、c) people in remote areas could have more chances to visit faraway relatives and friends. d、d) poor peasants could have more access to sell their agricultural products.
10、10) in chapter 5, what is uic? a、a) the international union of railways. b、b) the university of illinois at chicago. c、c) ultraviolet image converter. d、d) ufficio italiano dei cambi.
11、where does this train complex come from? a、both movie and train are media invented in the 19th century. b、train and railway merely exist in the real world. c、both movie and train provide dynamic for the interpretation of the reform and development of human society. d、the themes of the train movies became more diversified.
12、in the 20th century ______. a、there are many classic images of train in the world movies and literary works b、train has been bestowed with rich feelings and spiritual significance c、train shows people’s aspiration for modernization d、train shows anxiety of unbearable pressure generated from the rapid social development
13、with imagination, by train, we could not only travel from the city to the countryside, but also from the real world to the magical world.
14、actually the archetype of terrace gully could not be found on the map.
15、in the 21st century, china boasts the world’s longest high-speed railway network and has replaced all of the slow green trains with bullet trains.
16、thanks to the faster and more convenient traffic, the world has become smaller.
第六章 影视文学作品中的铁路文化（ii）chapter six railway culture in the movies and literary works (ii)
1、christopher awdry is the father of thomas, the tank engine.
2、a chinese railways rm class 4-6-2 pacific is the archetype of yongbao.
1、shinkansen, meaning railway station is a japanese transport icon.
2、on june 21, 2019, spirited away was released in china for the first time.
1、harry potter is a fictional boy who made a journey of self-discovery and adventure in a magical world.
2、the orient express could bring people an experience of the hogwarts express in the real world.
1、the walt disney world railroad first open at the magic kingdom in september 1970.
2、the movie, hachi, is an american adaptation of a japanese tale about a loyal dog.
1、1) _______ is the father of thomas, the tank engine. a、a) wilbert awdry b、b) christopher awdry c、c) sir topham hatt d、d) sir lowham hatt
2、2) “but you’re fussy and grumpy. you break down a lot and your work is so slack!” thomas is complaining of ________ engine. a、a) steam b、b) diesel c、c) electric d、d) tank
3、3) in _______, a chinese locomotive, yongbao, joined the crew and became a friend of thomas. a、a) 2009 b、b) 2012 c、c) 2018 d、d) 2019
4、4) ______is a japanese transport icon. a、a) shinkansen b、b) jr lines (japan railways) c、c) tokyo cruise ship d、d) sky bus tokyo
5、5) who is the director of 5 centimeters per second? a、a) takashi yamazaki b、b) wang jiawei c、c) hayao miyazaki d、d) makoto shinkai
6、6) in spirited away, train is a medium of _______. a、a) love b、b) communication c、c) message d、d) time
7、7) it does leave without fail on september 1 at 11 am from platform nine and three-quarters, king’s cross, arriving at __________ in the early evening. a、a) cardiff central railway station b、b) waverley station c、c) grand central terminal d、d) hogsmeade station
8、8) which of the following is not the correct description about the hogwarts express? a、a) the train is pulled by a scarlet steam locomotive. b、b) there is no dining service, but a witch pushes a tea trolley through the train midway through the trip. c、c) there is no separate car on the train for hogwarts prefects. d、d) there are usually no adults aboard the hogwarts express.
9、9) in the movie hachi, bedridge is a __________. a、a) small town b、b) big city c、c) university d、d) shopping center
10、10) where was hachi waiting for his master? a、a) at the gate of the school. b、b) at home c、c) at the railway station. d、d) on the bridge.
11、which type of the train appears in the thomas and his friends? a、steam locomotive. b、diesel locomotive. c、electric locomotive. d、shinkansen.
12、which of the following is true about train culture in japan? a、railway trip is a common plot in many japanese movies and animations. b、railway trip is a part of some people’s daily life, which stands for a kind of modern lifestyle with fast pace. c、many japanese anime directors don’t think railway elements could reveal the inner world of the protagonists. d、many japanese anime directors think the element of railway could help to develop the plot.
13、henry is the first diesel engine to arrive on sodor.
14、in the early 18th century, the first english colony in america was set up and named as jamestown in virginia by captain stove smith.
15、the famous hogwarts express is a passenger train which takes students to and from hogwarts.
16、the walt disney world railroad (wdwrr) first opened at the magic kingdom in september 1991.
第七章 世界之最 chapter seven the world records
1、the trans-siberian railway, 9,288 km in length, and spans nine time zones.
2、the trans-siberian railway takes over a week to go from end to end.
3、in 1890, tsar alexander iii officially issued an order to start the construction of the trans-siberian railway from vladivostok.
1、angles flight railway is an inclining train line with a gradient of about 33%.
2、angel railway is listed in the national register of historic places of the united states as the steepest railway in the world.
1、the maximum gradient of the pilatus mountain railway is 39%.
2、the pilatus mountain railway holds an incredible record of zero accidents for 120 years.
1、in 1990, canada’s national rail operator via rail sold off it’s rockies by daylight scenic train to a private company who renamed it the rocky mountaineer.
2、the rocky mountaineer was named as the best train experience in the world awarded by satw.
1、in ________, canada’s national rail operator via rail sold off it’s rockies by daylight scenic train to a private company called rocky mountaineer vacations. a、1990 b、1980 c、2000 d、1800
2、2) ________ was named as one of the world’s ultimate experiences awarded by lonely planet. a、the rocky mountaineer railway b、trans-siberian railway c、the angel railway d、pilatus mountain railway
3、the trans-siberian railway goes from _____ to _____. a、london ... moscow b、moscow... beijing c、beijing ...vladivostok d、moscow…vladivostok
4、it was_______ that ordered to build the trans-siberian railway. a、alexander iii b、alexander ii c、nicholas i d、nicholas ii
5、_____ is the longest railway in the world. a、trans-siberian railway b、the rocky mountaineer railway c、the angel railway d、pilatus mountain railway
6、the project of angel railway was consturcted mainly ______. a、to build a modern city b、to facilitate the daily travel of women c、to deliver goods d、to attract more visitors
7、the angel railway began to operate in______. a、in 1900 b、in 1901 c、in 1902 d、in 1903
8、the angel railway is located in________. a、los angles b、new york c、washington d、las vegas
9、it took_______ to build the pilatus mountain railway. a、20 years b、18 years c、16 years d、10 years
10、the pilatus mountain railway is located in________. a、switzerland b、sweden c、norway d、iceland
11、the trans-siberian railway _______. a、spans eight time zones b、will pass lake baikal c、contributes to the rapid growth of the population d、contributes to the industry in siberia
12、the rocky mountaineer _______. a、has now developed into a world-class travel experience b、is a luxury sightseeing train operating in eastern canada c、has huge panoramic dome d、offer passengers the most jaw-dropping sights
13、along the pilatus mountain railway, the teeth of the wheels on the track gear into those at the bottom of the train to drive the train forward.
14、the funicular cars of the angle railway are full of legendary colors, with colors of christmas elements.
15、the train of the rocky mountaineer is green and golden.
16、the angel railway has appeared in numerous literary works and movies.
第八章 铁路精神chapter eight the spirit of railway
1、the qing government appointed jeme tien yow as chief engineer in charge of the construction of the beijing-zhangjiakou railway in 1901.
2、jeme tien yow designed a “herringbone” line during the construction of the guangou section railway from nankou to chadaocheng of badaling.
3、it took only four years to complete the construction of the beijing-zhangjiakou railway ahead of schedule, and the cost of the project was only one fifth of that estimated by foreigners.
1、the qiantang river bridge is comprised of its main body and the bridge approach, stretching a distance of 1,453 meters. the upper layer of the bridge is a highway and the layer below is a railway.
2、the qiantang river bridge is the second modern bridge in china, which cost 5.4 million silver dollars.
3、the quicksand at the bottom of the qiantang river made the construction nearly impossible. t.e.mao yisheng figured out the way--caisson method.
1、kunlun mountain tunnel is the world’s longest plateau tunnel on permafrost, with a total length of 1,686 meters.
2、the total length of the qinghai-tibet railway is 1,756 kilometers.
3、thanks to the unremitting efforts of engineering and technical personnel like zhang luxin and construction teams, the qinghai-tibet railway ends tibet’s history without railway.
1、with its independent intellectual property rights and core technology, china’s high-speed railway is called one of the “four great inventions” of modern china.
2、china railway corporation has designed the “hawk-like” and “sailfish-like” appearances and two schemes of paintings on the basis of fully considering chinese elements, olympic spirit, cultural inheritance of centennial beijing-zhangjiakou and earlier achievements of mass innovation.
3、beijing-zhangjiakou inter-city railway is the intelligent upgrade version of fuxing emu which is the first time in the world to realize automated operation at 280 kilometers per hour.
1、when was the qiantang river bridge restored and opened to traffic? a、in 1934. b、in 1937. c、in 1948. d、in 1987.
2、the qiantang river bridge was firstly opened in______. a、1945 b、1937 c、1949 d、1919
3、which is the highest railway in the world? a、qinghai-tibet railway. b、angel railway. c、pilatus mountain railway. d、beijing-kowloon railway.
4、the average altitude of the qinghai-tibet plateau is ________. a、4500 b、5000 c、3500 d、3000
5、the following are major difficulties in building the qinghai-tibet railway, except ______. a、fragile ecological environment b、hypoxia c、tundra d、lack of personnel
6、the ______ tunnel is the most elevated on permafrost in the world. a、fenghuoshan b、qinghuayuan c、juyongguan d、kunlun mountain
7、the world’s largest and deepest underground high-speed railway station has been built 102 meters beneath the great wall at the ______ section in beijing. a、badaling b、juyongguan c、huailai d、fengtai
8、how long did it actually take to build the beijing-zhangjiakou railway? a、six years. b、five years. c、four years. d、three years.
9、who is the father of chinese railway? a、mao yisheng. b、zhang luxin. c、jeme tien yow. d、qian zhongshu.
10、10) which is the first railway in chinese history that did not use foreign funds and personnel and was designed, built and operated entirely by the chinese themselves? a、beijing-zhangjiakou intercity railway. b、qinghai tibet railway c、angel railway. d、beijing-zhangjiakou railway.
11、beijing-zhangjiakou railway was built for the factors of ______. a、military b、politics c、economy d、cultural heritage
12、the beijing-zhangjiakou intercity railway is the high speed railway with ______. a、intelligent technology b、humorous broadcast c、cool appearance d、the humanistic design
13、the qinghai-tibet railway is the world’s fastest train on permafrost.
14、china’s high-speed railway is vividly called one of the “four great inventions” of modern china.
15、beidou satellite navigation system, which is independently developed in china, has been used in china’s high-speed railway.
16、when building the qiantang river bridge, chinese engineers had already got some experience in the construction of modern bridge.
1、please share with us your understanding of the spirit of railway, what you would learn from those great engineers and what you should do for our motherland(120-150 words).
1、the world’s first locomotive railway was invented in 1804 in britain when ________’s steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the penydarren ironworks. a、richard trevithick b、george stephenson c、james strowbridge d、abraham lincoln
2、in france, the first line to be built specifically for passenger traffic, and the first to serve the capital, was _______ in 1837. a、the paris- le belge b、the paris – st germain c、stephenson’s locomotion d、the paris – london
3、in _______, intercity express becomes the highest service category of rail offered in europe and is the flagship train of the state railway. a、us b、germany c、japan d、france
4、in russia, the longest single rail system, stretching from _______ to _______, was built between 1891 and 1916 and is the longest railway line in the world. a、irkutsk; moscow b、novosibirsk; moscow c、yekaterinburg; moscow d、vladivostok; moscow
5、between 1881 and 1884, as many as 17, 000 chinese men came to british columbia to work as laborers on _______. a、the first transcontinental railroad b、the west and east sections c、the canadian pacific railway d、the pacific railway
6、the chief engineer of jing-zhang railway is _______. a、zhan tianyou b、sun yat-sen c、mao yisheng d、zhang luxin
7、zhan tianyou designed and included a _______ section near qinglongqiao railway station to overcome the steep gradient near badaling a、vertical b、horizontal c、zigzag d、round
8、_______ was the first electrified railway in china. a、jing-zhang railway b、bao-cheng railway c、wusong railway d、tangxu railway
9、in 1881, the qing dynasty constructed the _______ line which was the first railway built by china independently. a、jing-zhang railway b、tangshan-xugezhuang railway c、bao-ji railway d、xugezhuang railway
10、glacier express is a famous tourist train in _______. a、denmark b、england c、switzerland d、france
11、_______ is often called the “cathedral of the railways”. a、st pancras international b、grand central terminal c、washington dc union station d、madrid atocha railway station
12、in the years around 1900, colonists from different countries often use _______ as a means to develop china’s interior market and to further control the economy of surrounding areas. a、factory b、railway c、bank d、war
13、the orient express was a long-distance passenger train service created in ________. a、1883 b、1993 c、1893 d、1873
14、the designer of washington union station is _____. a、william barlow b、sir george gilbert scott c、william peirce anderson d、daniel burnham
15、liverpool road station is now preserved as part of the museum of _______ in manchester. a、history b、culture and art c、science and technology d、science and industry
16、which movie, as a milestone in the history of the movie, was selected into the national film registry in 1990? a、destiny: kamakura story b、the arrival of a train c、murder on the orient express d、the great train robbery
17、________ is the father of thomas, the tank engine. a、wilbert awdry b、christopher awdry c、sir topham hatt d、sir lowham hatt
18、in spirited away, train is a medium of _______ . a、love b、communication c、message d、time
19、in ah, xiangxue, _______ is the connection between the villagers in terrace gully and the outside world. a、the pencil-box that could close automatically b、the train c、xiangxue, the protagonist d、40 eggs
20、which of the following is the correct description about trains and railways in movies and literary works of the 20th century? a、novelists and playwrights like making up some coincidence or accidents on the train or at the station. b、love stories happening on the train in the 20th century always have a happy ending. c、trains always symbolize rich lifestyle. d、atmosphere on the platform is always exciting.
21、in the story, harry potter used _______ to go to the stadium of quidditch world cup. a、floo powder. b、portkey. c、apparition. d、broomstick.
22、in 1890, _______ officially issued an order to start the construction of the trans-siberian railway. a、tsar alexander i b、tsar alexander iii c、tsar alexander iv d、tsar alexander ii
23、what’s the maximum gradient of the pilatus mountain railway？ a、42 % b、45 % c、48 % d、50 %
24、how long did it actually take to build the beijing-zhangjiakou railway? a、six years. b、five years. c、four years. d、three years.
25、_______ is the first self-designed and self-built double-layer bridge in china. a、the qiantang river bridge b、wuhan yangtze river bridge c、nanjing yangtze river bridge d、lugou bridge
26、_______ of qinghai-tibet railway built at 4,905 meters above sea level, is the most elevated on permafrost in the world. a、the fenghuoshan tunnel b、kunlun mountain tunnel c、tanggula mountain tunnel d、hoh xil nature reserve
27、which of the following is called one of the four greatest inventions of modern china? a、compass b、high-speed railway c、gunpowder d、navigation
28、people choose to travel by high speed trains because hsr _______. a、fast b、convenient c、punctual d、safe
29、what are the advantages of diesel locomotives compared with steam locomotives? a、greater flexibility. b、better performance. c、lower operating costs. d、lower maintenance costs.
30、technically, all the trains in the stories can be classified into three types, including _______. a、solar train b、steam locomotive c、diesel locomotive d、electric locomotive
31、which of the following are the correct descriptions about the movie destiny: kamakura story? a、the director of the movie is takashi yamazaki. b、the inspiration of the scenery in the movie is from mount fuji. c、the terminal of the train in the movie is yomi. d、the archetype of the train usually goes from kamakura station to fujisawa.
32、what are the major difficulties t.e.mao yisheng encountered with during the process of building the bridge? a、pile casting b、cofferdam c、caisson d、climate
33、which of the following reflect the innovation of beijing-zhangjiakou intercity railway? a、navigation system b、technology of vibration and noise control c、intelligent adjustment and command system d、design of appearance
34、during the wwi, german soldiers were not only trained with handling weapons, but also trained to board and disembark on a regular railway.
35、since the spring of 1864, thousands of indian coolies had been brought to san francisco and quickly earned the confidence of james harvey strowbridge.
36、the ministry of railways implemented five rounds and increased average speed of passenger trains in china from 1997 to 2007.
37、chengyu railway was the first railway built and put into use since the founding of new china.
38、the vehicles that carry freight are called wagons in the united states or cars in the united kingdom.
39、the flying scotsman is a name for a passenger train service as well as for a famous steam train.
40、the railway series is a series of children’s books about the railways of uk.
41、there is a bronze statue of hachi now at the location in rhode island where this movie was filmed as a permanent reminder of his devotion and love.
42、electric locomotive is powered by electricity mainly in one of two ways: electric traction motors or through a third rail.
43、the archetype of the train in the movie destiny: kamakura story is the enoden line.
44、the arrival of a train vividly shows a picture of the living situation of the european royal family in the 18th century.
45、waterloo bridge is a famous detective movie that happened on the orient express
46、harry potter could travel to hogwarts school by hogwarts express at king’s cross station, london.
47、thanks to the unremitting efforts of engineering and technical personnel like zhang luxin and construction teams, the qinghai-tibet railway ends tibet’s history without railway.
48、the qiantang river bridge is comprised of its main body and the bridge approach, stretching a distance of 1,453 meters.
49、angel railway is listed in the national register of historic places of the united states as the oldest railway in the world.
1、how would you comment on chinese people’s determination to build a new china from the construction of chengyu railway?( not less than 100 words)?
2、what will you learn from t.e.mao yisheng after you have known his contribution to the construction of qiantang river bridge ( not less than 100 words)?